In partnership with Indigenous communities working on country, the Atlas of Living Australia (ALA) is exploring the role of information management platforms in bridging the boundaries between traditional and contemporary Indigenous knowledge and western science.
The ALA’s Indigenous Ecological Knowledge (IEK) program of work recognises the essential nature of a collaborative approach, and aims to provide tools to enable and empower greater Indigenous participation in biodiversity information management and assessment, and to support other aspirations of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people related to ecological or biodiversity knowledge. For more information contact Nat Raisbeck Brown (firstname.lastname@example.org).
Please note: Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people should be aware that this website (and the links provided) may contain images, voices or names of deceased persons in photographs or printed material.
Yugul Mangi Rangers: Two-way biodiversity project
The Yugul Mangi Rangers in South-East Arnhem Land are working with Emilie Ens, an ecologist from Macquarie University, to document species and share traditional Aboriginal names and stories of plants and animals with other Australians. The project enters Western and Indigenous scientific knowledge into the ALA and provides a two-way Indigenous engagement case study to encourage more Indigenous content, and importantly feedback loops to make the ALA more relevant and useful for Indigenous people.
- Citizen science project builds on award wining cross-cultural collaboration in eastern Arnhem Land (November 2018)
- Community-led science in Arnhem Land
- Sharing Indigenous women’s knowledge of biodiversity and culture across tribal boundaries in Arnhem Land
- ALA Symposium 2016 presentation by Maritza Roberts and Basil Murrungun
- Learning by doing: the Yugul Mangi Rangers and ecologists conduct two-way biodiversity research in remote Arnhem Land with ALA support
- First ALA records of elusive Leichhardt’s Grasshopper in Arnhem Land
- Returning to the remote Country of the Ngandi people
- Bringing south-east Arnhem Land stories to south-east Australia mob
Olkola People: sharing knowledge and caring for country
The Olkola People of Cape York, CSIRO researchers, and the Tropical Indigenous Ethnobotany Centre (TIEC) are working together; using the ALA and its Profiles tool to explore ways to share and utilise knowledge to help care for country. The project builds on past and current efforts of the Olkola people to record and secure their cultural resources, and understand the complex social, cultural and legal (especially Indigenous cultural and intellectual property) issues and risks to ensure robust decisions can be made about sharing their knowledge on public platforms such as the ALA. The aim is for Olkola to share these learnings with other communities.
- Anika Valenti, Solicitor with Terri Janke & Company – IP workshop with Olkola Aboriginal Corporation
- ALA Symposium 2016 presentation by John Ross (Olkola Traditional Owner) and Pethie Lyons (CSIRO)
- Indigenous Ecological Knowledge: The Olkola People
- Indigenous Ecological Knowledge: Olkola and Killarney Station
Indigenous Seasonal Calendars
ALA is working with Emma Woodward (CSIRO – seasonal calendar work) to co-develop with a number of Indigenous communities, the ALA Seasonal Calendar platform.
Banbai nation people at Wattleridge Indigenous Protected Area in northern New South Wales, are working with Michelle McKemey at the University of New England to develop fire and season calendars. The calendars represent annual seasonal changes as well as biocultural indicators that indicate the right, and wrong, time to burn. They are developed using results of ecological experiments, literature reviews, observations and cultural knowledge gathered through interviews. ALA is working with Michelle to see how the calendar can be incorporated into the ALA Seasonal Calendar platform. See the work of the Banbai here – Indigenous fire and seasons calendar.
The Tracks App
In 2017 the Central Land Council (CLC) obtained funding to develop a mobile app to support ranger groups in recording their tracking of bilbys and other small mammals, reptiles and pest animal species. The CLC partnered with the ALA to develop the app which was released in March 2018. Initially The Tracks App will be used by ranger groups in the Northern Territory from the Tanami Desert to the South Australian border region, but it is anticipated that it will eventually be used by approximately 26 ranger groups throughout Australia’s sandy desert country.
Improving the relevance of the ALA website and software for Indigenous people
The ALA develops and improves its software and website through sprints (a concentrated software development work phase) and is undertaking work in response to feedback from Indigenous community users. Some of the work includes:
- introduction of specific spatial layers into the ALA’s mapping and analysis tools – such as 2o16 Indigenous Protected Areas, Indigenous Land Use Agreement areas, Representative Aboriginal and Torres Straight Islander Body areas.
- modifications to the Species Profiles app to upload multi-media files and to improve useability
- addition of a tab and other modifications on ALA Species pages to enable Indigenous stories, Indigenous language names and multimedia to be displayed.
- working with communities around how best to show language names within the ALA – see ALA IEK program – Language for an overview (e.g. Warlpiri (see Tracks App) and Kamilaroi/Gamilaraay). The following spreadsheet provides one format to add language names for species consistent with Darwin Core standards.
Indigenous Cultural and Intellectual Property
- Involving Indigenous Stakeholders
- Informed Consent
- Cultural Integrity
- Confidentiality and Privacy
- Equitable Benefit Sharing
- Recognition and Protection
- Timely, Transparent and Respectful Process for Responding to Feedback.
Members of the IEK project team are working with Dr Jane Anderson from Local Contexts to scope out and potentially develop and implement Traditional Knowledge Labels (TK Labels) into various digital platforms within the ALA – e.g. seasonal calendars, Profiles – to support the ethical and equitable data sharing of ecological and environmental knowledge from Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples and communities. The intention is to also assess whether we need new TK Labels that will help identify and address Indigenous needs around the sharing of non-secret and non-confidential IEK.
The presentation, Digital Platforms and Indigenous Knowledge ALA, to the 2019 AIATSIS National Research Conference on Indigenous Knowledge and Digital Platforms provides an overview of some of the issues and opportunities around the protection of ICIP in digital infrastructures such as the ALA.
The ALA has been working with knowledge holders from the Kamilaroi nation (north eastern NSW and south eastern Queensland), researchers at CSIRO Land & Water and environmental consultant Michelle McKemey from Melaleuca Enterprises to map 683 Indigenous plant and animal names (in three related Kamilaroi languages: Kamilaroi/Gamilaroi/Gamilaraay (alternate spellings of one language), Yuwaalayaay and Yuwaalaraay) to Latin species names in the ALA.
- ALA Blog – Indigenous language names in the ALA
The Living Archive of Aboriginal Languages has teamed up with ALA and Digivol to crowdsource the transcription of some of the literature materials shared through the archive. The Living Archive is a digital archive of endangered literature in Indigenous languages of the Northern Territory. It currently contains over 3500 items in 50 Indigenous languages, all available under a Creative Commons license. Join in!
IEK Education Resources
ALA is being used in the classroom to celebrate traditional knowledge and culture. Former teacher and CSIRO’s Indigenous STEM Program Coordinator Geoff Guymer uses his experience in working in remote communities in the Northern Territory to give a classification activity a local Indigenous focus.